The Treasury of Lives

强贡阿旺坚赞是一位不丹竹巴噶举派的喇嘛,他曾担任早期不丹政府派驻拉达克以及德格地区的政治使节。他的家庭因政治阴谋历经惨痛的悲剧,他父亲和兄长也因此遭到暗杀。即便如此,他不但在不丹的外交上留下了宝贵的遗产,在艺术及仪轨修行上也做出了弥足珍贵的贡献。


Ariana Maki is Associate Director of the Tibet Center and Bhutan Initiative at the University of Virginia and holds a Ph.D. in Art History with a specialization in Himalayan Art. http://virginia.academia.edu/ArianaMaki

Published November 2010

参考书目

Ardussi, John A. 2000. “The House of 'Ob-mtsho: The History of a Buddhist Gentry Family from the 13th to the 20th century.” Journal of Bhutan Studies, vol. 2 (1). Thimphu: Centre for Bhutan Studies, pp. 1-29.

Bray, John and Chris Butters. 1999. “An Eighteenth-Century Lama's Visit to Ladakh.” In Ladakh: Culture, History and Development between Himalaya and Karakoram. Recent Research on Ladakh. Vol. 8. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, pp. 49-57.

ShAkya rin chen. 1733-1735. Sku bzhi'i dbang phyug rje btsun ngag dbang rgyal mtshan gyi rnam par thar pa thams cad mkhyen pa'i rol mo. Punakha.

Dargye, Yonten and Per K Sorensen. 2008. Play of the Omniscient: Life and Works of Jamgon Ngawang Gyeltsen, An Eminent 17th-18th Century Drukpa Master (1647-1732). Thimphu: National Library and Archives of Bhutan.

Dargye, Yonten and Per K Sorensen. 2008. “The Diplomatic Career of Jamgon Ngawang Gyeltsen, Great 18th Century Bhutanese Siddha and Artist.” In Terese Tse Bartholomew and John Johnston, eds. The Dragon's Gift: The Sacred Arts of Bhutan. Honolulu: Serindia, pp. 100-113.

Phuntsho, Karma. 2013. The History of Bhutan.London: Haus Publishing, pp. 277-340.

Vitali, Roberto. 2004. “Glimpses of the History of the rGya Clan with Reference to Nyang stod, Lho mon and Nearby Lands (7th-13th Century)” in The Spider and the Piglet. Karma Ura and Sonam Kinga, eds. Thimphu: Centre for Bhutan Studies, pp. 6-20.

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