20th c. scholar and government official, chief of the Tibetan Division of All India Radio, translator of The Life of Milarepa.BIO
Ngor Monastery was founded by Ngorchen Kunga Zangpo in 1429 and soon developed into a major center of Sakya practice, and at its largest supported over a thousand monks.Ngor Tradition
Known by the titles of monk, great scholar, and statesman, the Nineteenth Bakula Rinpoche, Ngawang Lobzang Tubsten Choknor was arguably the most important Ladakhi of the twentieth century. In 1959, when the Fourteenth Dalai Lama and tens of thousands of Tibetans fled to India, Bakula Rinpoche played a critical role in helping to reestablish Tibet's Buddhist institutions in exile. A close associate of Prime Minister Nehru, Bakula served in numerous official capacities. In 1988, he received the Padma Bhushan, one of the highest civilian awards bestowed by the Republic of India. He was instrumental in revitalizing Buddhism in Russia during the last decade of the USSR, and in Mongolia in the later decades of the twentieth century while he served there as ambassador from India; in 1999, the Government of Mongolia awarded him the Polar Star, one of the highest honors presented to non-Mongolian citizens.
Kunga Pelden was a twentieth-century yogin who resided around Dzogchen Monastery. He was a heart student of Orgyen Tendzin Norbu, himself a disciple of Patrul Rinpoche. He mostly spent his life in retreat and was a proponent of The Guru's Inner Essence, or Lama Yangtik, and the practices of the channels, vital energies, vital essences, and physical yogas of the Heart Essence of the Great Expanse, or Longchen Nyingtik. Kunga Pelden received Lama Yangtik, Longchen Nyingtik, and the physical yogas from Orgyen Tendzin Norbu and the practice of the channels, vital energies, and vital essences from Pema Tekchok Loden.
Jangsem Sherab Zangpo was a disciples of Tsongkhapa Lobzang Drakpa and was responsible for introducing Tsongkhapa's teachings to Ladakh. With the patronage of local kings he built the first Geluk temple in Ladakh. He also helped his cousin and disciple Pelden Sherab establish Tikse Monastery, which became one of the largest monasteries in Ladakh, in addition to many other monasteries. He is counted as one of the Tarchen Druk, the six special disciples of Tsongkhapa who spread the Geluk doctrine to the Tibetan border regions.
Tsembupa Darma Wozer was an important Tibetan saint whose method of meditation on Avalokiteśvara, which he received directly from the deity Nairātmyā—or in some versions of the story from Vajrayoginī or Vajravārāhī—became very popular in Tibet.
The TBRC RID number refers to the unique ID assigned by the Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center (TBRC.org) to each historical figure in their database of Tibetan literature.