The Treasury of Lives

A Biographical Encyclopedia of Tibet, Inner Asia, and the Himalaya

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Umapa Tsondru Sengge

b.mid 14th cent. - d.mid 15th cent.
TBRC P3357

Umapa Tsondru Sengge was a fourteenth century Geluk scholar from Kham whose visions and dreams of Mañjuśrī were an important early source for Tsongkhapa's understanding of emptiness. Tsongkhapa, Umapa's disciple, frequently asked Umapa to serve as a medium in order that he might speak with the bodhisattva. He appears to have earned his epithet "Umapa," meaning "holder of Madhyamaka," based on his visionary inquiries into the finer points of the doctrine.

The Fifth Lelung Jedrung, Lobzang Trinle was a classically-trained nonsectarian Geluk lama who played significant roles in mitigating the political violence of the first half of the eighteenth century. A student of the Nyingma treasure revealers Terdak Lingpa and Choje Lingpa, he was prophesied to be the dharma heir of Terdak Lingpa's treasures relating to a semi-wrathful form of Avalokiteśvara.

Lha Lama Yeshe O

b.947 - d.1019/1024
TBRC P8344

Lha Lama Yeshe O was a tenth-century king of Guge in western Tibet. He famously built Toling Temple, sent young Tibetans such as Rinchen Zangpo to train in India, and invited Atiśa to Tibet, all in order to revitalize monastic Buddhism in Tibet following the period of fragmentation.

Khordong Terchen Nuden Dorje was a prominent Nyingma master of the Northern Treasures tradition in Golok during the nineteenth century. He served as the head of his family's monastery, Khordong, in Golok, and revealed multiple scriptural treasures. Nuden Dorje passed away in the ninth month of the wood-bird year, 1864. His subsequent incarnations include: Drodul Lingpa, who died in infancy, then Kelden Lingpa who lived to be thirty-seven years old, and most recently Chimed Rigdzin Rinpoche, commonly known as "C. R. Lama."



Depa Trinle Gyatso

b.late 16th cent. - d.1668
TBRC P3649

Depa Trinle Gyatso, also known as Jaisang Depa, was born in the U province of Tibet around the beginning of the seventeenth century. He was also known as Drongmene meaning the person from Drongme village. A monk of the Geluk tradition, he served as close personal attendant to Lobzang Gyatso, the Fifth Dalai Lama, from his early childhood, eventually becoming his senior Personal Assistant from 1632 to 1660. In 1660 he was appointed as Desi (Depa, Sakyong or Regent), the de facto Ruler of Tibet. He succeeded the disgraced Depa Norbu in this post and retained it until his death in 1668. The famous Desi Sanggye Gyatso was his nephew.