The Treasury of Lives

Alexander Gardner is Director and Chief Editor of the Treasury of Lives. He completed his PhD in Buddhist Studies at the University of Michigan in 2007.

Published March 2022


Adshead, S. A. M. 1984. Province and Politics in Late Imperial China. Scandinavian Institute of Asian Studies Monograph Series, no. 50. London and Malmo: Curzon Press Ltd.

Anon. Part 4 Tibet: Relations with Tibet; Chinese Adhesion Convention 1906 [Question of Direct Communication with Tibet] (1908-1913). 1908-1913. MS Political and Secret Department Records: Series 10: Departmental Papers: Political and Secret Separate (or Subject) Files (1902-1931) IOR/L/PS/10/149. British Library. China and the Modern World, http:// Accessed 13 June 2019.

Baber, Edward Colburne. Travels and Researches in Western China. Royal Geographical Society Supplementary Papers, vol. 1, part 1. London: John Murray, 1882.

Blo gros phun tshogs. 1995. Sde dge'i lo rgyus. Derge: Srid gros sde dge rdzong rig gnas lo rgyus rgyu cha bsdu sgrig u yon lhan khang. TBRC W26569.

Cabezón, José Ignacio. 2017. The Just King: The Tibetan Buddhist Classic on Leading and Ethical Life. Boulder: Snow Lion.

Coals, Oliver. 1919. "Eastern Tibet." Geographical Society 53, no. 4, pp. 228–249.

Golzio, Karl-Heinz. 1985. Regents in Central Asia Since the Mongol Empire: Chronological Tables. Cologne: Brill.

Hartley, Lauran Ruth. 1997. "A socio-historical study of the Kingdom of Sde-dge (Derge, Kham) in the late Nineteenth Century: Ris-med Views of Alliance and Authority." M.A., Indiana University.

Karma rgyal mtshan, editor. 1994. Mdo smad chos rgyal sde dge'i rgyal rabs las 'phreng pa'i chos kyi 'byung tshul mdo tsam brjod pa gzur gnas blo ldan dgyes pa'i tambu ra. Ganze: Hong Kong Asian Press.

Kolmaš, Josef. 1988. "Dezhung Rinpoche's Summary and Continuation of the Sde-dge'i rgyal-rabs." Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hung, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 119-152.

Li Anche. 1947. "Dege: A Study of Tibetan Population." Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, vol. 3, no. 4 (Winter), pp. 279-293.

Petech, Luciano. 1973. Aristocracy and Government in Tibet: 1728-1959. Serie Orientale Roma, vol. XLV. Roma: Istituto Italiano per iJ Medio ed Estremo Oriente.

Shakabpa, W. D. 2009. One Hundred Thousand Moons: An Advanced Political History of Tibet. Derek Maher, translator. Leiden: Brill

Sperling 1976. "The Chinese Venture into K'am, 1904-1911, and the Role of Chao Erh-feng." Tibet Journal vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 10-36.

Teichman, Eric. 1922. Travels of a Consular Officer in Eastern Tibet, Together with a History of the Relations between China, Tibet and India. Cambridge: The University Press.

Tsomo, Yudru. 2018. "Women as Chieftains in Modern Kham History." Inner Asia, vol. 20, pp. 107–131.

Tsomu, Yudru. 2019. "The Rise of a Political Strongman in Dergé in the Early Twentieth Century. The Story of Jagö Topden." In Frontier Tibet: Patterns of Change in Sino- Tibetan Borderlands, Stéphane Gros, editor. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Wang Xiuyu. 2011. China’s Last Imperial Frontier: Late Qing Expansion in Sichuan’s Tibetan Borderlands. New York: Lexington Books.

View this person’s associated Works & Texts on the Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center’s Website.