The Treasury of Lives

Alexander Gardner is Director and Chief Editor of the Treasury of Lives. He completed his PhD in Buddhist Studies at the University of Michigan in 2007. He is the author of The Life of Jamgon Kongtrul The Great.

Published March 2022


Adshead, S. A. M. 1984. Province and Politics in Late Imperial China. Scandinavian Institute of Asian Studies Monograph Series, no. 50. London and Malmo: Curzon Press Ltd.

Anon, editor. 1940. The Boundary Question between China and Tibet: A Valuable Record of the Tripartite Conference between China, Britain and Tibet held in India, 1913-1914. Beijing.

Baber, Edward Colburne. Travels and Researches in Western China. Royal Geographical Society Supplementary Papers, vol. 1, part 1. London: John Murray, 1882.

Blo gros phun tshogs. 1995. Sde dge'i lo rgyus. Derge: Srid gros sde dge rdzong rig gnas lo rgyus rgyu cha bsdu sgrig u yon lhan khang. TBRC W26569.

Coals, Oliver. 1919. "Eastern Tibet." Geographical Society 53, no. 4, pp. 228–249.

Golzio, Karl-Heinz. 1985. “The Kingdom of sDe dge, Eastern Tibet.” In Regents in Central Asia Since the Mongol Empire: Chronological Tables. Cologne: Brill.

Hartley, Lauran Ruth. 1997. "A socio-historical study of the Kingdom of Sde-dge (Derge, Kham) in the late Nineteenth Century: Ris-med Views of Alliance and Authority." M.A., Indiana University.

Karma rgyal mtshan, editor. 1994. Mdo smad chos rgyal sde dge'i rgyal rabs las 'phreng pa'i chos kyi 'byung tshul mdo tsam brjod pa gzur gnas blo ldan dgyes pa'i tambu ra. Ganze: Hong Kong Asian Press.

​​Kobayashi Ryōsuke. 2018. "Militarisation of Dargyé Monastery: Contested Borders on the Sino-Tibetan Frontier during the Early Twentieth Century. Cahiers d'Extrême-Asia, vol. 27, pp. 139–171.

Kolmaš, Josef. 1964. "Ch'ing shih kao on Modern History of Tibet (1903-1912)," Archiv Orientalni vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 77-99.

Kolmaš, Josef. 1968. A Genealogy of the Kings of Derge (Sde-dge'i Ryal-rabs). Dissertationes Orientales, vol. 12. Prague: Oriental Institute in Academia, Publishing House of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences.

Kolmaš, Josef. 1988. "Dezhung Rinpoche's Summary and Continuation of the Sde-dge'i rgyal-rabs." Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hung, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 119-152.

Li Anche. 1947. "Dege: A Study of Tibetan Population." Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, vol. 3, no. 4 (Winter), pp. 279-293.

Petech, Luciano. 1973. Aristocracy and Government in Tibet: 1728-1959. Serie Orientale Roma, vol. XLV. Roma: Istituto Italiano per iJ Medio ed Estremo Oriente.

Rahul, R. 1962. "The Government of Tibet." International Studies, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 169–193.

Rockhill, William Woodville. 1891. "Tibet, A Geographical, Ethnographical, and Historical Sketch Derived from Chinese Sources." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, New Series 23.

Shakabpa, W. D. 2009. One Hundred Thousand Moons: An Advanced Political History of Tibet. Derek Maher, translator. Leiden: Brill.

Shelton, 1921. "Life Among the People of Eastern Tibet. National Geographic, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 294-326.

Sperling 1976. "The Chinese Venture into K'am, 1904-1911, and the Role of Chao Erh-feng." Tibet Journal vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 10-36.

Teichman, Eric. 1922. Travels of a Consular Officer in Eastern Tibet, Together with a History of the Relations between China, Tibet and India. Cambridge: The University Press.

Tsomo, Yudru. 2015. The Rise of Gönpo Namgyel in Kham: The Blind Warrior of Nyarong. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Tsomu, Yudru. 2019. "The Rise of a Political Strongman in Dergé in the Early Twentieth Century. The Story of Jagö Topden." In Frontier Tibet: Patterns of Change in Sino- Tibetan Borderlands, Stéphane Gros, editor. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Wang Xiuyu. 2011. China’s Last Imperial Frontier: Late Qing Expansion in Sichuan’s Tibetan Borderlands. New York: Lexington Books.

View this person’s associated Works & Texts on the Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center’s Website.