Dzogchen is one of the six most important Nyingma monasteries of Tibet. It was established in 1685 in Derge area on the orders of the Fifth Dalai Lama who sent the First Dzogchen Drubwang Pema Rigdzin to spread Buddhism in Kham. Sanggye Tenpa, the third abbot of Derge's royal monastery, Lhundrubteng, was a major sponsor. Famous for its Śrī Siṃha College, it was largely destroyed in the twentieth century but has since been rebuilt. It is the seat of the Dzogchen Drubwang, Dzogchen Ponlop, Dzogchen Kongtrul and Dzogchen Khyentse incarnation lines.