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Sometime around 1620 Trinle Gyatso started his career as a monk of the Ganden Podrang (dga' ldan pho brang), the Dalai Lamas' establishment at Drepung Monastery ('bras spungs dgon), where he was tasked with taking care of the infant Dalai Lama. In 1632 he was appointed Lobzang Gyatso's personal assistant, replacing Jangngo Chodze (byang ngos chos mdzad) who had displeased Sonam Chopel (bsod nams chos 'phel 1595-1658), Lobzang Gyatso's powerful Chakdzo (phyag mdzod), or principal attendant. Sonam Chopel would later serve as the Dalai Lama's Desi from 1642 to 1658.
... For example, in 1662, Trinle Gyatso arranged to make a new crown for the Jowo in the Jokhang as well as a maṇḍala, following Lobzang Gyatso's instructions. Late in 1663, the Depa undertook an important project of creating 1,000 images of the Buddha, which took nearly five years to complete. Also in 1663, Trinle Gyatso renovated the Barkor (bar skor), which, in the seventeenth century, referred to the inner circumambulation path inside the Jokhang; he also undertook a survey of the monasteries. In 1664, he built a new temple at Chubzang (chu bzang) in Nyangden with various images of the Buddha and other enlightened beings
... Contradicting the first-hand account of the Jesuit priest Grueber who noted that it was Trinle Gyatso 'who carried on the government,' Giuseppe Tucci took the Dalai Lama's autobiography at face value and commented that while Trinle Gyatso appeared to be concerned with the dedication of temples and as a patron of other pious works, his political activity was non-existent. Samten Karmay also noted that the "ever increasing diplomatic activities of the Fifth Dalai Lama, often dictated by the circumstances of the day, covered not only the whole of the Tibetan world, Mongolia, Ladakh and Bhutan but also extended as far as China." Karmay detailed Lobzang Gyatso's political activities, both domestic and international, before, during and after Trinle Gyatso's entire reign as Desi without ever needing to mention Trinle Gyatso's name.
 Karmay 2014, 154-162 (Dukula 201-211)
 Ibid., 476-478 (Dukula 641-645)
 Tucci 1949, 73-74
 Tucci 1949, 73-74 ...
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19 Kværne 2019, 61-62. ...
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... 1935), the Sixth Dzogchen Rinpoche, Jikdrel Jangchub Dorje (rdzogs chen 06 'jigs bral byang chub rdo rje, 1935-1959), the Fifth Shechen Gyeltsab, Gyurme Pema Dorje (zhe chen rgyal tshab 05 'gyur med padma rdo rje), Shechen Kongtrul Pema Drime (zhe chen kong sprul padma 'dri med, 1901-1960), Jamyang Khyentse Chokyi Lodro (mkhyen brtse mchog gi blo gros, 1893-1959), Dudjom Rinpoche (bdud 'joms rin po che, 1904-1988), Dilgo Khyentse Tashi Peljor (dil mgo mkhyen brtse bkra shis dpal byor, 1910-1991), Kangyur Rinpoche Longchen Yeshe Dorje (bka' 'gyur rin po che klong chen ye shes rdo rje, 1897/1898-1975), Chatral Sanggye Dorje (bya bral sangs rgya rdo rje, 1913-2015), the Fortieth Sakya Trichen (sa skya khri chen 41, b
While serving in the position at Pelpung, Kalu Rinpoche also transmitted the Shangpa teachings and Kālacakra at the hermitage of Rongme Karmo Taktsang (rong me kar mo stag tshang), where graduates from Dzongsar Monastery's (rdzong sar dgon) Khamshe College (kham byed) performed their retreats
In 1961 or 1962 Kalu Rinpoche left Bhutan for Darjeeling, in part to be closer to the Sixteenth Karmapa, who had made his seat at Rumtek Monastery (rum theg) in Sikkim
... The Ninth Khalkha Jetsundampa, Jampel Namdrol Chokyi Gyeltsen (khal kha rje btsun dam pa 09 'jam dpal rnam grol chos kyi rgyal mtshan, 1932-2012) asked him to transmit the Shangpa teachings and the Kālacakra, and the Bhutanese teacher Sonam Zangpo (bsod nams bzang po, 1888-1982), who was a disciple of Shākya Shrī (shAkya shrI, 1853-1919) requested the transmission of widely-used early Tantric system for the consecration of stūpas known as the "two Vimalas" (dri med rnam gnyis)
... The brother of the Sakya Trizin, Sakya Dagchen Rinpoche (sa skya bdag chen, 1929-2016), and Dezhung Rinpoche had arrived in Seattle in 1960, and Namkhai Norbu (nam mkha'i nor bu, 1938-2018) had settled in Naples in 1962, all three in association with university invitations; Trungpa too had gone to England to study at university
... The same thing happens to animals: cats won't kill mice when Rinpoche is present.
... On his return he checked in on the translation work and proceeded to Dharamsala where he met with the Fourteenth Dalai Lama and visited Situ Rinpoche's monastery, Sherab Ling (shes rab gling)
 Blo gros don yod, 562.
 Blo gros don yod, 562.
 Blo gros don yod, 562.
 Jackson,662, note 1099.
 Karma Chokyi Gyamtso, 3
 Karma Chokyi Gyamtso, 3-4.
 Karma Chokyi Gyamtso, 3-4. ...
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... He studied Lamdre (lam 'bras) with the widely renowned woman teacher Machik Zhama (ma gcig zha ma, 1062-1149)
After Khyungtsangpa died at age 62, his body was cremated, and a number of relics appeared in the ashes. ...
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Among the disciples of Konchok Jigme Wangpo were the Sixty-second Ganden Trichen Lobzang Monlam (dga' ldan khri rabs 62 khri chen blo bzang smon lam, 1729-1798); Longdol Lama Ngawang Lobzang (klong rdol bla ma ngag dbang blo bzang, 1719-1994); Akya Yongdzin Yangchen Gawai Lodro (a kyA yongs 'dzin dbyangs can dga' ba'i blo gros, 1740-1827); the Third Tukwan, Lobzang Chokyi Nyima (thu'u bkwan 03 blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma 1737-1802); the forty-fourth throne holder of Labrang, Lobzang Konchok (bla brang khri 44 blo bzang dkon mchog d.u.); the twenty-fourth throne holder of Labrang, Konchok Gyeltsen (bla brang khri 24 dkon mchog rgyal mtshan1764-1853); the Fifth Takpu, Lobzang Chokyi Wangchuk (stag phu 05 blo bzang chos kyi dbang phyug, 1765-1792); the thirty-sixth abbot of Kumbum, Lobzang Tenpai Nyima (sku 'bum khri 36 blo bzang bstan pa'i nyi ma, d.u.); the twenty-eighth throne holder of Labrang, Konchok Gepai Lodro (bla brang khri 28 dkon mchog dgyes pa'i blo gros, 1773-1837/38); the twenty-sixth throne holder of Labrang, Jigme Gyeltsen (bla brang khri 26 'jigs med rgyal mtshan, 1773-1850); the sixteenth throne holder of Labrang, Jigme Lungrik Gyatso (bla brang khri 16 'jigs med lung rigs rgya mtsho 1748-17780); the fifteenth throne holder of Labrang, Sonam Wangyel (bla brang khri 15 bsod nams dbang rgyal 1726-1793); the seventeenth throne holder of Labrang, Dondrub Gyatso (bla brang rgyud pa khri 17 don grub rgya mtsho 1745-1787); and the Second Zamtsa, Jigme Namkha (zam tsha 02 'jigs med nam mkha' 1768-1821). ...
Read more from the biography of Konchok Jigme Wangpo
... He also received teachings from the Sixty-second Ganden Tripa, Lobzang Monlam (dga' ldan khri pa 62 blo bzang smon lam, 1729-1798), and two teachers named Sanggye Tashi (sang rgyas bkra shis, d.u), and Dondrub (don grub, d.u). ...
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... After completion of his studies in tantra, Lobzang Drime was appointed as the abbot of Sangngak Khar Monastery (gsangs sngags mkhar) and later as the abbot of Gyume College as well
Lobzang Monlam, who later became the Sixty-second Ganden Tripa (dga' ldan khri pa 62 blo bzang smon lam, 1729-1798) was among his disciples. ...
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Lobzang Khechok also studied under the First Purchok, Ngawang Jampa (phur mchog 01 ngag dbang byams pa, 1682-1762); Gyel Khenchen Kelzang Rabgye (rgyal mkhan chen bskal bzang rab rgyas, d.u.); Kyabgon Gyelwai Sepo (skyabs mgon rgyal wa'i sras po, d.u.); Je Drubkhangpa Jampel Gelek Gyatso (rje sgrub khang pa 'jam dpal dge legs rgya mtsho, d.u.); and the Sixth Chakra Tulku, Ngawang Trinle Pelzang (lcags ra sprul sku 06 ngag dbang 'phrin las dpal bzang, 1730-1794).
... Trichen Lobzang Monlam, his predecessor returned to the seat in 1793 and served further as Ganden Tripa for nearly two years. ...
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The Sixty-second Ganden Tripa, Lobzang Monlam (dga' ldan khri rabs 62 blo bzang smon lam) was born at a place called Tronang (pro snang) in Gyalmo Tsawarong (rgyal mo tsha ba rong) in Amdo, in 1729, the earth-bird year of the twelfth sexagenary cycle
... In addition to the prescribed courses, he also studied the six Kadam treatises (bka' gdams gzhung drug), Lamrim and Lojong (lam rim and blo sbyong), under outstanding masters such as the First Purchok, Ngawang Jampa (phur bu lcog 01 ngag dbang byams pa, 1682-1762); Tsechokling Yongdzin Yeshe Gyeltsen (tshe mchog gling yongs 'dzin ye shes rgyal mtshan, 1713-1793); the Fifty-sixth Ganden Tripa, Lobzang Drime (dga' ldan khri pa 56 blo bzang dri med, b ...
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... 62-63, Sørensen and Hazod, 2005 pp ...
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He was given his pre-novice and novice vows at the age of thirteen by the Fifth Pakpa Lha, Pakpa Gyelwa Gyatso ('phags pa rgyal ba rgya mtsho, 1644-1713), who gave him the name Ngawang Jampa and later granted empowerments on Yamāntaka etc
... Among other important disciples were the Eighth Dalai Lama, Gyelwa Jampel Gyatso (rgyal ba 'jam dpal rya tsho, 1758–c.1804); the Sixth Paṇchen Lama, Lobzang Pelden Yeshe (paN chen bla ma 03 blo bzang dpal ldan ye shes, 1738-1780); the Seventh Demo Rinpoche, Ngawang Jampel Delek Gyatso, who was the first Regent of Tibet (rgyal tshab de mo rin po che sku khreng 07, ngag dbang 'jam dpal bde legs rgya mtsho, d.1777); the Sixth Pakpa Lha, Jigme Tenpai Gyatso ('phags pa lha 06 'phags pa 'jigs med bstan pa'i rgya mtsho, 1714-1754); the Fourth Zhiwa Lha, Pakpa Gelek Gyeltsen (zhi ba lha 04 'phags pa dge legs rgyal mtshan, 1720-1799); the Sixth Chakra, Ngawang Trinle Pelzang (lcags ra 06 ngag dbang 'phrin las dpal bzang, 1730-1794); Tsechoklingpa Yongdzin Yeshe Gyeltsen (tshe mchog gling pa yongs 'dzin ye shes rgyal mtshan, 1713-1793); the Second Jamyang Zhepa, Konchok Jigme Wangpo ('jam dbyangs bzhad pa 02 dkon mchog 'jigs med dbang po, 1728-1791); the Third Tubkwan, Lobzang Chokyi Nyima (thu'u bkwan 03 blo bzang chos kyi nyi ma, 1737-1802); the Third Changkya, Rolpai Dorje (lcang skya 03 rol pa'i rdo rje, 1717-1786); the Second Kondor Tulku, Lobzang Wangchuk (dkon rdor sprul sku 02 blo bzang dbang phyug, 1789-1758); the Sixty-seventh Ganden Tripa, Jamyang Monlam (dga' ldan khri 62 'jam dbyang smon lam, 1729-1798); and Arik Geshe Jampa Wozer (a rig dge bshes byams pa 'od zer, 1728-1803).
Purchok Ngawang Jampa passed into nirvana in 1762, at the age of eighty-one. ...
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When he was twenty years old he received full ordination from Ngawang Tendzin (ngag dbang bstan 'dzin, 1696-1762), the fourth throne-holder of Labrang.
... 58-62. ...
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... From 1953-1957, Bakula Rinpoche served as the first Deputy Minister of Ladakh Affairs, and continued to hold numerous Ministry level positions: Minister of State Ladakh Affairs and Trade Agencies (1957-62), Minister for Ladakh Affairs (1963-1964), and Minister of State for Health, Local Self Government, Ladakh Affairs and Trade Agencies (1964-1967).18
... This foresight was confirmed during the 1962 Sino-Indian war, when Chinese troops invaded India on two fronts, Ladakh in the western Himalayas and Tawang (in present day Arunachal Pradesh) in the east.
... The institution was formally recognized by the government in 1962 and eventually evolved into the present university, the Central Institute of Buddhist Studies (dbu gzhung nang pa'i rig gnas gtsug lag slob gnyer khang), currently Ladakh's most important institution of higher Buddhist learning. ...
Read more from the biography of Ngawang Lobzang Thubstan Choknor
... TBRC W1GS66291.
... 9: 49-62.
Tillemans, Tom ...
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... As a result, when Pema Wangchuk was eight years old, his father was executed by Lu Dachang (鲁大昌, 1889-1962), Commander of the 14th Division of the National Revolutionary Army in 1937 ...
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... He studied Pramāṇavārttika under Nyawon Kunga Pelwa (nya dbon kun dga' dpal ba, 1285-1379) and Khenchen Sanggye Pel (mkhan chen sangs rgyas dpal ba, 1350-1414); Prajñāpāramitā under Lama Sonam Gyeltsen (bla ma bsod nams rgyal mtshan, 1312-1375); Abhidharma under Lochen Jangchub Tsemo (lo chen byang chub rtse mo, 1303-1380); Vinaya under Doklopa Kunga Zangpo (ldog lod pa kun dga' bzang po, d.u.); and Madhyamaka, using texts by both Indian and Tibetan masters, under Choje Jangchub Sengge (chos rje byang chub seng ge, d.u.). ...
Read more from the biography of Rendawa Zhonnu Lodro
Apart from the Seventh Dalai Lama and Dakpo Lobzang Jinpa, Samten Puntsok also received various empowerments and esoteric instructions, transmissions, and teachings, such as brief and comprehensive Lamrim and Lojong, and the generation and completion stage practice (bskyed rdzogs) of Yamāntaka, Cakrasaṃvara, Guhyasamāja, and other tantric deities from a number of prominent scholar lamas that included the First Purchok, Ngawang Jampa (phur lcogs 01 ngag dbang byams pa, 1682-1762), the Third Changkya, Rolpai Dorje (lcang skya 03 rol pa'i rdo rje, 1717-1786), Kangyurwa Tabkhe Gyatso (bka' 'gyur ba thabs mkhas rgya mtsho, d.u.), the Fifty-third Ganden Tripa, Trichen Gyeltsen Sengge (dga' ldan khri pa 53 khri chen rgyal mtshan seng+ge, 1678-1756), the Fifty-fifth Ganden Tripa, Trichen Ngawang Namkha Zangpo (dga' ldan khri pa 55 khri chen ngag dbang nam mkha' bzang po, 1690-1750), and Sharchen Ngawang Lhundrub (shar chen ngag dbang lhun grub, d.u.).
Among Trichen Samten Puntsok's disciples were the Fifty-ninth Ganden Tripa, Trichen Ngawang Chodrak (dga' ldan khri pa 59 khri chen ngag dbang chos grags, 1710-1772); and the sixty-second Ganden Tripa, Trichen Lobzang Monlam (dga' ldan khri pa 62 khri chen blo bzang smon lam, 1729-1798). ...
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Just after the Fourth Dalai Lama's death, early in 1617, Sonam Chopel met the Fourth Paṇchen Lama Lobzang Chokyi Gyeltsen (paN chen bla ma 04 blo bzang chos kyi rgyal mtshan, 1570-1662) who was going to Ngari (mnga' ris); he had to pass through Shigatse (gzhi ka rtse) and Sonam Chopel, concerned about the opposing power of Tsang (gtsang) being a threat to his safety on the way, tried to dissuade him
... Due to historical political rivalry between leaders of U and Tsang, the sudden death at twenty-eight of the Fourth Dalai Lama, who, being of royal Mongolian birth, was championed by the Mongols, emboldened the fifth king of Tsang, Karma Puntsok Namgyel (karma phun tshogs rnam rgyal, 1587-1621) to attack and capture U by early 1618 when Sonam Chopel was just twenty-two
As part of a resolution negotiated by Taklung Choje Ngawang Namgyel (stag lung chos rje ngag dbang rnam rgyal, 1571-1626), Treasurer Sonam Chopel had to arrange ransom of 300 gold coins for the return of the sacked monasteries of Drepung and Sera (se ra), 200 for Drepung and 100 for Sera, and deliver them under escort to Tsang, to the west of Lhasa
By 1620, tension was building up again in Lhasa
In 1621 or thereabouts, the Tsang King Karma Puntsok Namgyel died after invading Ladakh and U
... In 1621 the Mongol cavalry suddenly attacked and routed the Tsangpa, who were now led by Karma Tenkyong, at Kyangtang Gang (rkyang thang sgang) near Lhasa
... The ban was lifted in 1621 and royal recognition for the reincarnation was sought and granted
... The four year old Dalai Lama was revealed and installed at Drepung in the second month of 1622 and given the ordination name of Lobzang Gyatso (tA la'i bla ma 05 blo bzang rgya mtsho, 1617-1682) by the Paṇchen in the third month.
It is probable that the test was carried out twice, once by Sonam Chopel at Chonggye in 1619 when the two-year old was too young to recall the test, but also, according to Tibetan lore, still young enough to retain the memory of the objects from his previous life; and once by Kachuwa at Nakartse in 1621 when he was four and old enough to remember the test later, but, again according to Tibetan lore, too old to remember the objects from his previous life.
When Kunga Migyur, now called Lobzang Gyatso, aged four, was installed at Drepung in 1622 as the Fifth Dalai Lama, it was the twenty-seven year old Sonam Chopel, head administrator of the Ganden Podrang, who became his Chakdzo, Manager and Principal Attendant, responsible for his upbringing, management and safety
In 1626 those duties included arranging funeral rites for Lobzang Gyatso's father Hor Dudul Dorje (hor bdud 'dul rdo rje) also called Dudul Rabten (bdud 'dul rab brtan) who had died, possibly murdered, in the Tsang King's prison
... When Hor Dudul Dorje died in 1626 his corpse was discarded behind Zamkhar Castle (zam mkhar) whence it was recovered by a sage from Chonggye
... In 1626 Sonam Chopel saw Lobzang Gyatso was interested in a text on Hayagrīva so he referred him to Lingme Zhabdrung Konchok Chopel who began to mentor him on this subject.
On the other hand, over the thirty-six years they spent working together, from 1622 to 1658, there were only a few instances of Sonam Chopel's policies being challenged by Lobzang Gyatso
Lobzang Gyatso's autobiography, however, clearly dates that letter at 1629; it further asserts that Gushri Khan decided to go to war because it was reported to him in 1638 that the Tsang king was persecuting the Tashilhunpo monks while constructing a new monastery on the hill above Tashilhunpo
... In 1621 when Mongols counter-attacked the Tsang military bases in Lhasa, as part of the settlement some of these monasteries were returned to the Geluk ...
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1 Radich 2015, 62 note #127 ...
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... 629-650) ...
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... He was 62 years old, and is believed to have attained enlightenment through yogic practices during the death process, attaining the illusory body (sgyu lus)
... See also TBRC W00KG08362.
... TBRC W1GS66291. ...
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