Pomdrakpa Sonam Dorje b.1170 - d.1249
Name Variants: Darma Drak; Gyelse Pomdrakpa; Podrakpa; Sonam Dorje
Pomdrakpa Sonam Dorje (spom brag pa bsod nams rdo rje) was born in 1170 in Drigyel Dampa Chopuk ('bri rgyal dam pa chos phyug). According to the Blue Annals, he mastered reading at writing at age five, and at the age of nine he received transmissions in Cakrasaṃvara and Hevajra from a father and son pair known as Lama Nyen Lhakhang Gangwa (bla ma gnyan lha khang sgang ba, d.u.).
When he was fourteen Sonam Dorje met Sanggye Rechung Peldrak (sangs rgyas ras chen dpal grags, 1148-1218), a disciple of Dusum Khyenpa, the First Karmapa (karma pa 01 dus gsum mkhyen pa, 1110-1190). Together with a man named Nubton Tsul (snub ston tshul) he received from him initiation in Vajravārahī. Following this he is said to have experienced numerous visions of deities.
Sonam Dorje requested permission from Sanggye Rechung to go meditate in seclusion, but was refused. Later he again planned to leave Pelgo (spel sgo), the place he where had been told by Sanggye Rechung to reside, but now a vision of Dusum Khyenpa, whom he never met, dissuaded him, telling him to settle right where he was. Accordingly Sonam Dorje remained at Pelgo for sixteen years.
Sonam Dorje once asked Sanggye Rechung who would carry on his teaching. According to the Blue Annals, Sanggye Rechung replied: "My disciples can guide themselves! Among them, I had great hopes in you and in Lodro Rinchen (blo gros rin chen, d.u.), Between you two, you will be greater in work. The labors of your disciples and those of their disciples will be great."
After leaving Pelgo, Sonam Dorje received teachings from Tsangton Dorje Gyeltsen (gtsang ston chos rje rdo rje rgyal mtshan, 1137-1226) of Katok Monastery (kaH thog) in Kham.
He later took over and renovated the monastery of Tasho Pomdrak (khra shod spom brag), which became his seat and the source of his most commonly used title.
Pomdrakpa is credited with identifying the reincarnation of Dusum Khyenpa, Karma Pakshi, the Second Karmapa (karma pa 02 karma pakshi, 1204-1283). According to tradition, Pomdrakpa encountered the young boy, who, at age eleven, had received an ordination name of Chokyi Lama (chos kyi bla ma) or Chozin (chos 'dzin). (One of these names was possibly his birth name.) Pomdrakpa initially gave him lineage transmissions, including the Jinasāgara form of Avalokiteśvara, and came to believe that he was the incarnation of Dusum Khyenpa, the teacher of his own lama, Sanggye Rechung. Tradition holds that Pomdrakpa experienced a vision of Dusum Khyenpa stating that this was the case.
According to the Blue Annals Pomdrakpa's death was a result of disregarding a command from Sanggye Rechung forbidding him from going to Markham (dmar khams). Having gone there, he fell ill and soon passed away.
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Dung dkar blo bzang 'phrin las. 2002. Dung dkar tshig mdzod chen mo. Beijing: Krung go'i bod rig pa dpe skrun khang, p. 2288.
Grags pa 'byung gnas and Rgyal ba blo bzang mkhas grub. 1992. Gangs can mkhas grub rim byon ming mdzod. Lanzhou: Kan su'u mi rigs dpe skrun khang, p. 1021.
Khetsun Sangpo. 1973. Biographical Dictionary of Tibet and Tibetan Buddhism. Dharamsala: LTWA, vol. 3, pp. 361.
Rang byung rdo rje. 2006. 'Gro mgon ras pa chen po dang rin po che spom brag pa'i rnam thar. In Gsung 'bum / rang byung rdo rje, vol. 4, pp. 244-256. Xining: Mtshur phu mkhan po lo yag bkra shis. TBRC W30541.
Roerich, George, trans. 1996. The Blue Annals. 2nd ed. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidas, pp. 483-485.
Si tu paN chen chos kyi 'byung gnas, and 'Be lo tshe dbang kun khab. 1972. Sgrub brgyud karma kaM tshang brgyud pa rin po che'i rnam par thar pa rab byams nor bu zla ba chu shel gyi phreng ba. New Delhi: D. Gyeltsen & Kesang Legshay, vol. 1, pp. 68‑75.
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- Historical Period